With these characteristics: None
Filbert, Turkish or Turkish Hazel
Betulaceae - Birch
Leaves: Alternate; simple; wide and ovate to obovate; 2-1/2" to 6" long; deciduous; sharply, doubly serrate margin; rounded to heart-shaped base; acuminate apex; dark green and glabrous above; hairy on veins beneath; yellow to purple in fall but not effective; petiole 1/2" to 1" long.
Twigs/buds: Twigs pubescent and bumpy; grayish-brown; with small cracks developing with age down the length of the stem. No terminal bud; lateral buds 1/3" long, rounded, downy scales, green-brown.
Flowers/fruit: Monoecious. Fruit an edible nut, 1/2" to 5/8" diameter, attached to a large, leafy bract
Bark: Light brown; flaky; orange-brown inner bark exposed as scales fall off.
Wood: Unimportant; little used. Diffuse-porous.
General: Native to southeast Europe and western Asia. Medium growth rate, medium-sized tree. Tolerates a wide variety of conditions including high soil pH, and moderate drought, and fairly cold temperatures. Shade intolerant.
Landscape Use: Another very good tree that is not planted enough and will be difficult to find. Zones 4-8. Other, shrubby hazels with edible nuts worth trying in Utah are American hazelnut (Corylus americana) and beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta and C. cornuta var. californica).
- Betulaceae - Birch
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