With these characteristics: None
Hawthorn, Black or Douglas
Rosaceae - Rose
Leaves: Alternate; simple; oval; 1" to 3" long; deciduous; margin sharply doubly serrate or shallowly lobed, especially on the upper half; glabrous or nearly so; dark green above; petiole 1/2" long; good orange-red fall color.
Twigs/buds: Twigs more or less zig-zag; usually with stiff, sharp, 1" long thorns. Terminal bud small, round, scaly, and shiny brown; lateral buds similar.
Flowers/fruit: Flowers perfect, showy, white, 5-petalled, 1/2" to 3/4" in diameter; appear in small groups at the ends of the branches in spring. Fruit a small pome; round; 1/3" to 1/2" diameter; flesh dry and mealy, but edible; red at first and black when mature in fall, often persisting into winter.
Bark: Dark gray; scaly or slightly furrowed.
Wood: Unimportant; sapwood light colored, thick; heartwood red-brown; heavy; hard; close-grained; diffuse-porous.
General: Black hawthorn is native throughout the West and in the mountains throughout Utah. A small, slow growing tree that can be shrubby. Shade intolerant.
Landscape Use: This native hawthorn is rare in cultivated landscapes. It could be used more in naturalized landscapes and would be good for wildlife habitat plantings. Fall color is very good. Zones 2-8.
Comments & Limitations: Thorns or spines that can be dangerous; use thornless varieties if possible.
- Rosaceae - Rose
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- Poor Drainage: