With these characteristics: None
Fabaceae - Legume
Leaves: Alternate; twice (sometimes three to four times) pinnately compound; pinnae (the smallest branches of the leaf that hold the leaflets) each with 12 to 30 small leaflets; deciduous; leaflets linear to oblong, 1/2" to 2" long, margins entire, glabrous; petiole tipped with a spine; no notable fall color.
Twigs/buds: Twigs glabrous; smooth; with 1/2" to 2" long spines at each leaf. No terminal bud; lateral buds small, round, brown.
Flowers/fruit: Flowers perfect, yellow, fragrant, small; appear throughout the summer. Fruit a thin, flat to round legume; yellowish; 4" to 9" long and 1/4" to 1/2" wide; constricted between 1/4" long, brown seeds; edible.
Bark: Thick; dark red to brown; scaly and furrowed.
Wood: Very hard, heavy; used for lumber, firewood; heartwood brown, sapwood yellow; ring-porous.
General: Native throughout much of the southwestern U.S. south into Mexico, including extreme southwest Utah. This shrub to small tree is well adapted to desert sites with a deep, extensive root system. It tolerates heat, drought, high soil pH, and salinity and is quite long-lived. Shade intolerant.
Landscape Use: This tough tree is seldom planted and likely is not very cold hardy, but it could be used in natural landscapes in Washington County. Zones 7(?)-10.
Comments & Limitations: Fruit and/or plant part can be nuisances; use fruitless varieties if possible. Thorns or spines that can be dangerous; use thornless varieties if possible.
- Fabaceae - Legume
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- Utah Native:
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