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With these characteristics: None

Carya illinoensis

Pecan

Juglandaceae - Walnut

Description

Leaves: Alternate; once pinnately compound; 12" to 20" long; 9-17 leaflets, 4" to 7" long, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, serrate margins, terminal leaflet present; rachis slender, glabrous; deciduous.

Twigs/Buds: Twigs moderately stout; reddish-brown; pith solid.  Terminal bud present, 1/4" to 1/2" long, yellow-brown.

Flowers/Fruit: Monoecious.  Flowers inconspicuous; appear after the leaves expand.  Fruit a nut; 1" to 2-1/2" long; twice as long as wide; with a thin, green turning dark brown, 4 part husk; husk splits readily to release oblong nut; nut smooth or slightly 4-ridged, with thin to medium-thick shell and sweet seed.

Bark: Light brown to brownish-gray; smooth when young breaking into scaly ridges.

Wood: Similar to bitternut hickory.

General: Native throughout the Mississippi River valley from eastern Iowa to Louisiana, west to eastern Kansas and central Texas.  Occurs naturally as scattered trees on moist but well drained soils.  Intermediate shade tolerance.

Landscape Use: Planted throughout the southern U.S. for its fruit, this tree also has been grown successfully in plantations in Washington County.   Warm sites are best, but this will likely vary widely with a tree's geographic origins.  I have seen a tree growing and producing fruit in Logan, Utah.  Zones 5-9.

Comments & Limitations:  Nuts can be nuisances.

Characteristics

General

Family:
Juglandaceae - Walnut
Cultivar Availability:
No
Hardiness Zone:
5-9
Type:
Broadleaf
Utah Native:
No

Growth

Growth Rate:
Medium
Mature Height:
High
Longevity:
High
Is Good Under Power Lines:
No
Crown Shape:
Rounded

Ornamental

Bark:
No
Fall Color:
No
Flowers:
No
Foliage:
Yes
Fruit:
No

Tolerence

Shade:
Medium
Salt:
Medium
Drought:
Medium
Poor Drainage:
Medium
Alkalinity:
High
Transplanting:
Low