With these characteristics: None
Pinaceae - Pine
Leaves: Needles borne singly; about 1/2" to 1" long; sharp-pointed; evergreen; dark green above; silver- green bands beneath; somewhat flattened in cross-section but ridged.
Twigs/buds: Twigs dark green on top, whitish-green underneath, hairy.
Flowers/fruit: Monoecious. Fruit a papery cone that hangs down; 1-1/4" to 2" long; reddish brown when mature; scale edges rounded, entire.
Bark: Dark brown; thin, scaly.
Wood: Popular as an ornamental, though sometimes harvested as timber in Europe and the U.S.; similar to P. abies; little information available.
General: Native to southeastern Europe. Potentially a large tree. Fairly tough tree adapted to a wide variety of soils and sites. Likes some shelter; fairly cold hardy; shade tolerant.
Landscape Use: Very desirable spruce with nice foliage. Rarely planted in Utah, but deserves more use. Doing well at the LDS Conference Center in SLC and at the Utah Botanical Center. Zones 4-7.
Cultivars: 'Expansa', 'Machala', 'Nana', 'Pendula'.
- Pinaceae - Pine
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