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Tree Browser

With these characteristics: None

Chokecherry, Common

Prunus virginiana

Rosaceae - Rose

Description

Leaves: Alternate; simple; oval to obovate; 2" to 4" long and two-thirds as wide; deciduous; dark green and glabrous above, paler beneath; sharply, finely serrate margin with spreading (mostly not in-curving) teeth; petiole 1/2" long with small, conspicuous gland or bump on each side at base of leaf blade.

Twigs/buds: Twigs slender to medium-stout; new twigs somewhat downy, otherwise glabrous with a few small round lenticels; red-brown when young turning patchy silver-gray when older; twigs often infected with black growth from black-knot disease.  Terminal buds 1/4" to 1/3" long, scaly, red-brown to brown like twig; lateral buds same size or slightly smaller.

Flowers/fruit: Flowers perfect, small, white, appear in elongated bunches in May.  Fruit a drupe; black; round; about 1/3" in diameter; edible; sour.

Bark: On young stems smooth, red-brown; on older stems turning gray-black and remaining fairly smooth with obvious lenticels that do not extend horizontally like many other Prunus species.

Wood: Not important and little known.

General: Native to most of the continental U.S., including Utah, and to much of Canada.  Large shrub to small tree, usually with a multi-stemmed habit.  Likes fairly moist locations with rich soils, but will do well on poorer sites.  Shade intolerant.  Fruit and/or plant part can be nuisances; use fruitless varieties if possible.

Landscape Use: Attractive flowers and small size potentially make it a useful tree.  Good for wildlife habitat plantings and windbreaks, and fruit can be used in jams and jellies.  Black knot disease reduces attractiveness and vigorous sucker-sprouting can be a problem.  Zones 2-6.

Cultivars: 'Bailey Select', 'Boughen's Chokeless', 'Canada Red', "Copper Schubert', 'Mini Schubert', 'Purple Jewel', 'Robert', 'Schubert'.

Characteristics

General

Family:
Rosaceae - Rose
Cultivar Availability:
Yes
Hardiness Zone:
2-6
Type:
Broadleaf
Utah Native:
Yes

Growth

Growth Rate:
Medium
Mature Height:
Medium
Longevity:
Low
Is Good Under Power Lines:
Yes
Crown Shape:
Shrubby

Ornamental

Bark:
No
Fall Color:
No
Flowers:
Yes
Foliage:
Yes
Fruit:
No

Tolerence

Shade:
Low
Salt:
Medium
Drought:
Medium
Poor Drainage:
Low
Alkalinity:
High
Transplanting:
Medium