With these characteristics: None
Rosaceae - Rose
Leaves: Alternate; simple; oval to obovate; 2" to 4" long and two-thirds as wide; deciduous; dark green and glabrous above, paler beneath; sharply, finely serrate margin with spreading (mostly not in-curving) teeth; petiole 1/2" long with small, conspicuous gland or bump on each side at base of leaf blade.
Twigs/buds: Twigs slender to medium-stout; new twigs somewhat downy, otherwise glabrous with a few small round lenticels; red-brown when young turning patchy silver-gray when older; twigs often infected with black growth from black-knot disease. Terminal buds 1/4" to 1/3" long, scaly, red-brown to brown like twig; lateral buds same size or slightly smaller.
Flowers/fruit: Flowers perfect, small, white, appear in elongated bunches in May. Fruit a drupe; black; round; about 1/3" in diameter; edible; sour.
Bark: On young stems smooth, red-brown; on older stems turning gray-black and remaining fairly smooth with obvious lenticels that do not extend horizontally like many other Prunus species.
Wood: Not important and little known.
General: Native to most of the continental U.S., including Utah, and to much of Canada. Large shrub to small tree, usually with a multi-stemmed habit. Likes fairly moist locations with rich soils, but will do well on poorer sites. Shade intolerant. Fruit and/or plant part can be nuisances; use fruitless varieties if possible.
Landscape Use: Attractive flowers and small size potentially make it a useful tree. Good for wildlife habitat plantings and windbreaks, and fruit can be used in jams and jellies. Black knot disease reduces attractiveness and vigorous sucker-sprouting can be a problem. Zones 2-6.
Cultivars: 'Bailey Select', 'Boughen's Chokeless', 'Canada Red', "Copper Schubert', 'Mini Schubert', 'Purple Jewel', 'Robert', 'Schubert'.
- Rosaceae - Rose
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- Utah Native:
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