With these characteristics: None
Fabaceae - Legume
Leaves: Alternate; twice pinnately compound; very large, can be 2'' to 3'' long; deciduous; 20 to 40 ovate leaflets, 1-1/2" long, pointed at tip, entire margins, glabrous; dark blue-green; yellow fall color.
Twigs/buds: Twigs very stout; brown; glabrous or velvety; pith is wide and salmon-pink. No terminal bud; lateral buds deeply sunken in the bark; brown; hairy; 2 at each leaf scar.
Flowers/fruit: Flowers dioecious (some are perfect), greenish-white, attractive; borne in large groups but not very conspicuous. Fruit a flat legume; red-brown; leathery; pointed; 4" to 6" long by 1-3/4" wide; remaining closed until or through winter; contains 4 to 8 olive-brown, 1/2" diameter, flat, very-hard seeds imbedded in a sweet pulp.
Bark: Smooth and brown to gray on younger branches; on older stems turning gray, furrowed, with curved scales.
Wood: Unimportant; sapwood yellow; heartwood red; growth rings conspicuous; ring-porous; rays not conspicuous to naked eye.
General: A fairly large tree native to most of the central-eastern U.S. Never very common naturally. Seeds ground and used as a coffee substitute by early settlers where native. Well-adapted to a variety of climates and soils. Shade intolerant. Fruit and/or plant part can be nuisances; use fruitless varieties if possible.
Landscape Use: An excellent landscape tree that is seldom planted, but should be more often. Its stout twigs give it an interesting coarse texture in winter, and the dark blue-green foliage is very nice. The bark also is very attractive. The pods make it somewhat messy, but usually are not abundant. Zones 3-8.
Cultivars: 'Espresso', 'Prairie Titan', 'Stately Manor'.
- Fabaceae - Legume
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