Skip to main content

Tree Browser

With these characteristics: None

Dogwood, Corneliancherry

Cornus mas

Cornaceae - Dogwood

Description

Leaves: Opposite; simple; deciduous; similar to flowering dogwood, but pubescent on both sides and somewhat smaller.

Twigs/buds: Twigs usually red on top and green on bottom; slender, angled when young; branches softly hairy.  Flower buds yellow-green to brown, ball-like, stalked, blunt-tipped, with flattened hairs; vegetative buds greenish, with silky, flattened hairs.

Flowers/fruit: Flowers perfect; yellow; small, but in 3/4" bunches; appear very early, before leaves.  Fruit a cherry-red, oblong drupe; 1/2" in diameter; matures in July; edible and used for jams and jellies.

Bark: Gray-brown to brown, layered, flaky, and scaly; attractive.

Wood: Hard, hardy, durable, flexible; has been used to make tool handles, ladder rungs, wheel spokes, and javelin shafts.

General: Native to the western Asia and central and southern Europe.  Better adapted to high soil pH and poor conditions than most other non-shrub dogwoods.  Intermediate shade tolerance.

Landscape Use: A small to medium sized tree rarely planted in Utah.  I saw a planting of these growing at an NRCS Plant Materials Center near Manhattan, Kansas.  They looked good, were growing well, and had attractive, edible fruit.  This is doing well on the USU campus in Logan. Zones 4-8.

Cultivars: 'Alba', 'Aurea', 'Aurea-Elegantissima', 'Elegant', 'Flava', 'Fructu Violaceo', 'Golden Glory', 'Macrocarpa', 'Nana', 'Pioneer', 'Redstone', 'Spring Glow', 'Variegata'. 

Characteristics

General

Family:
Cornaceae - Dogwood
Cultivar Availability:
Yes
Hardiness Zone:
4-8
Type:
Broadleaf
Utah Native:
No

Growth

Growth Rate:
Low
Mature Height:
Low
Longevity:
Medium
Is Good Under Power Lines:
Yes
Crown Shape:
Rounded

Ornamental

Bark:
Yes
Fall Color:
No
Flowers:
Yes
Foliage:
No
Fruit:
Yes

Tolerence

Shade:
Medium
Salt:
Low
Drought:
Medium
Poor Drainage:
Medium
Alkalinity:
High
Transplanting:
Medium