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Tree Browser

With these characteristics: None

Hornbeam, European

Carpinus betulus

Betulaceae - Birch

Description

Leaves: Alternate; simple; ovate to oblong-ovate; 2-1/2" to 5" long; 1" to 2" wide; deciduous; sharply, doubly serrate margin; rounded base; acuminate apex; dark green; hairy on veins beneath with tufts of hair where veins meet; yellow in fall; petiole 1/4" to 1/2" long, hairy.

Twigs/buds: Twigs glabrous; greenish-brown; with lenticels.  No terminal bud; lateral buds 1/4" to 1/3" long, angled at tip, scaly with soft hair on scales, buds pressed against stem.

Flowers/fruit: Monoecious.  Fruit a small nutlet attached to a large, 3-lobed bract, 1" to 1-1/2" long; bracts arranged in loose clusters.

Bark: Thin; gray; very smooth, with stem having a sinewy feel, sometimes called "musclewood".

Wood: Very hard and heavy, but not commonly used.  Like hophornbeam, also called "ironwood".  Sapwood white; heartwood light yellow or tan; diffuse-porous.

General: Native to Europe and Asia minor.  Slow growing, small to medium-sized tree.  Likes well-drained conditions, but otherwise tolerates a wide range of soils, including high pH.  Shade tolerant.

Landscape Use: Very good tree that is not planted much in Utah, but is gaining popularity.  Cultivars are available with a wide variety of forms, leaf colors, and leaf shapes.  Zones 4-8.

Cultivars: 'Asplenifolia', 'Brownstone', 'Columnaris', 'Columnaris Nana', 'Cornerstone', 'Emerald Avenue', 'Fastigiata', 'Franz Fontaine', 'Globosa', 'Pendula', 'Purpurea'.

Characteristics

General

Family:
Betulaceae - Birch
Cultivar Availability:
Yes
Hardiness Zone:
4-8
Type:
Broadleaf
Utah Native:
No

Growth

Growth Rate:
Low
Mature Height:
Medium
Longevity:
Medium
Is Good Under Power Lines:
No
Crown Shape:
Rounded

Ornamental

Bark:
Yes
Fall Color:
No
Flowers:
No
Foliage:
No
Fruit:
Yes

Tolerence

Shade:
Medium
Salt:
Low
Drought:
Medium
Poor Drainage:
Medium
Alkalinity:
Medium
Transplanting:
Medium