Skip to main content

Tree Browser

With these characteristics: None

Horsechestnut, Red

Aesculus x carnea

Hippocastanaceae - Buckeye

Description

Leaves: Dark green and shiny on top, almost hairless beneath, fall color brownish; opposite, palmately compound, petiole 2-1/2" to 4" in length; 5 leaflets per leaf usually (sometimes 7), egg-shaped, 3" to 6" in length (smaller than A. hippocastanum), tapering to a point, doubly toothed, leathery; leaflets stalk-less or short-stalked; deciduous.

Twigs/buds: Twigs brown and thick. Buds somewhat sticky, but smaller and less sticky than A. hippocastanum.

Flowers/fruit: Flowers deep pink to rose-red; borne on large (6" to 8" tall and 3" to 4" wide) panicle; occur in late spring. Fruit capsule ball-like, 1" to 1-1/2" long; husk light-brown, slightly prickly; seed brown and shiny.

Bark: Dark gray and smooth when young; gray-brown and very scaly with long plates when older.

Wood: Presumably similar to A. hippocastanum: moderately important where native; creamy-white, soft, weak, light, not durable, coarse-grained, perishable, diffuse-porous; used for containers, furniture, etc.

General: A cross between A. hippocastanum and A. pavia, probably from Germany; slightly smaller than horsechestnut (A. hippocastanum) at maturity and has 5 leaflets instead of 7 and less sticky buds. Grows to 30'' or 40'' in the U.S.; has a rounded canopy. In temperate zones it is the most common tree having large red flowers.

Landscape Use: Its most attractive feature is its beautiful red flowers. This hybrid is uncommon in Utah, though it does well in Logan, Salt Lake City, and Provo, Utah. Popular in England. Use as shade tree or specimen. Zones 4-7.

Cultivars: 'Briotii', 'O'Neill', 'Fort McNair'.

Characteristics

General

Family:
Hippocastanaceae - Buckeye
Cultivar Availability:
Yes
Hardiness Zone:
4-7
Type:
Broadleaf
Utah Native:
No

Growth

Growth Rate:
Medium
Mature Height:
Medium
Longevity:
Medium
Is Good Under Power Lines:
No
Crown Shape:
Rounded

Ornamental

Bark:
No
Fall Color:
No
Flowers:
Yes
Foliage:
No
Fruit:
No

Tolerence

Shade:
Medium
Salt:
Medium
Drought:
Medium
Poor Drainage:
Medium
Alkalinity:
Medium
Transplanting:
Medium