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Tree Browser

With these characteristics: None

Mountain-mahogany, Curlleaf

Cercocarpus ledifolius

Rosaceae - Rose

Description

Leaves: Alternate, with several borne on short spur-shoots; simple; lanceolate; 1/2" to 1" long; evergreen, leaves persistent for two years; margin entire and edges are rolled under; leathery; shiny dark green above, paler and finely hairy beneath; petiole short.

Twigs/buds: Twigs stout; stiff; early-on pubescent and red-brown; becoming glabrous and brown or silvery; with short spur-shoots that hold leaves and flowers.  Buds small, scaly, and hairy.

Flowers/fruit: Flowers perfect, small and inconspicuous, with no petals; solitary or in 2's or 3's.  Fruit is a 1/4" long, dry achene with a 2" to 3" long, hairy, corkscrew-twisted tail or plume attached (a persistent style from the flower).

Bark: Thick; red-brown; very firm; furrowed.

Wood: Unimportant and little known; heartwood dark red-brown; hard and dense; makes good firewood; diffuse-porous.

General: Native to much of the interior western U.S., including most of Utah, where it is found in higher, open mountain locations.  Shrubby, but can get quite large, with a broad, rounded canopy.  Long-lived and slow-growing, probably needing fire or disturbance to regenerate naturally from seed.  An important species for wildlife.  Shade intolerant.

Landscape Use: Mountain-mahoganies are rarely used in cultivate landscapes, but could be used more.  Availability would be mostly as seedlings through conservation nurseries or those specializing in native plants.  They are fairly drought resistant and tough, and are potentially good choices for xeriscapes.  Fruit is very interesting.  Zones 3(2?)-8.

Comments & Limitations:  Evergreen broadleaf (retains its leaves for more than one year).

Characteristics

General

Family:
Rosaceae - Rose
Cultivar Availability:
No
Hardiness Zone:
3-8
Type:
Broadleaf
Utah Native:
Yes

Growth

Growth Rate:
Medium
Mature Height:
Low
Longevity:
High
Is Good Under Power Lines:
Yes
Crown Shape:
Irregular

Ornamental

Bark:
No
Fall Color:
No
Flowers:
No
Foliage:
Yes
Fruit:
Yes

Tolerence

Shade:
Low
Salt:
Medium
Drought:
High
Poor Drainage:
Low
Alkalinity:
High
Transplanting:
Medium