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With these characteristics: None

Pagodatree, Japanese or Scholar-tree

Sophora japonica

Fabaceae - Legume

Description

Leaves: Alternate; once pinnately compound; 6" to 10" long; deciduous; 7 to 17 ovate to ovate-lanceolate leaflets, 1" to 2" long, entire margins, rounded at base, bright green and lustrous above, somewhat waxy to hairy beneath.

Twigs/buds: Twigs slender; glabrous; green on twigs up to 4 to 5 years old; pith solid, greenish.  No terminal bud; lateral buds blackish, hidden by leaf scar or by base of rachis when leaves are attached.

Flowers/fruit: Flowers perfect, creamy-white, showy, pea-like; bloom in July or August; borne in large, loose bunches; very attractive.  Fruit a yellow-brown legume; 3" to 8" long; containing 3-6 brown seeds.

Bark: Similar to black locust except gray-brown.

Wood: No information available.

General: Native to China and Korea.  Prefers rich, moist, well-drained soils.  Shade intolerant.  Fruit can be a nuisance; use fruitless varieties if possible.

Landscape Use: My opinion of this tree has changed.  I had felt it was a good tree that should be planted more, but now I think it is not so good.  Flowers are very attractive, but I have seen trees doing well, growing quickly, then dying quickly from what appears to be a canker.  New growth often droops and looks awkward.  Included bark is common.  Dr. Frank Santamour of the U.S. National Arboretum has proposed after some genetic studies that the name of this species be changed to Styphnolobium japonicum.  Zones 4-8.

Cultivars: 'Columnaris', 'Pendula', 'Princeton Upright', 'Regent', 'Variegata'.

Characteristics

General

Family:
Fabaceae - Legume
Cultivar Availability:
Yes
Hardiness Zone:
4-8
Type:
Broadleaf
Utah Native:
No

Growth

Growth Rate:
Medium
Mature Height:
Medium
Longevity:
High
Is Good Under Power Lines:
No
Crown Shape:
Rounded

Ornamental

Bark:
No
Fall Color:
Yes
Flowers:
Yes
Foliage:
No
Fruit:
No

Tolerence

Shade:
Low
Salt:
Medium
Drought:
Medium
Poor Drainage:
Medium
Alkalinity:
High
Transplanting:
Medium