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Tree Browser

With these characteristics: None

Pine, Japanese Red

Pinus densiflora

Pinaceae - Pine

Description

Leaves: Needles in bundles of 2; 3" to 5" long; slender; twisted; bright to dark green; evergreen, remain on tree 3 years.

Twigs/buds: Twigs yellow-green and hairless to slightly downy early on; becoming orangish and hairless over time.  Buds reddish-brown; cylindrical, resinous, and large (up to 1/2" in length).

Flowers/fruit: Monoecious.  Fruit a woody cone; 1-1/2" to 2" long; dull yellow; remain on tree 2 to 3 years.

Bark: Orange-red when young, peels off in scales; turning grayish near the base when older.

Wood: Tough, strong; used in Korea and Japan for building houses and bridges, for making barrels, and as a fuel; superior to P. thunbergiana; little information available.

General: Native to Japan, Korea, and China.  Very cold hardy.  Potentially large tree, though slow-growing.  Needs average water and soil; shade intolerant.

Landscape Use: Nice large tree.  Attractive bark.  Irregular and interesting canopy and trunk form.  Zones 3-7.

Cultivars: 'Aurea', 'Globosa', 'Heavy Bud', 'Oculus Draconis', 'Pendula', 'Tiny Temple', 'Umbraculifera'.

Characteristics

General

Family:
Pinaceae - Pine
Cultivar Availability:
Yes
Hardiness Zone:
3-7
Type:
Conifer
Utah Native:
No

Growth

Growth Rate:
Medium
Mature Height:
High
Longevity:
High
Is Good Under Power Lines:
No
Crown Shape:
Irregular

Ornamental

Bark:
Yes
Fall Color:
No
Flowers:
No
Foliage:
No
Fruit:
No

Tolerence

Shade:
Low
Salt:
Medium
Drought:
Medium
Poor Drainage:
Low
Alkalinity:
Medium
Transplanting:
Medium