With these characteristics: None
Pine, Mugo or Swiss Mountain
Pinaceae - Pine
Leaves: Needles in bundles of 2; 1-1/2" to 3" long; stiff; medium green; evergreen, remain on tree 5 or more years.
Twigs/buds: Green during first year, turning brown or blackish-brown, hairless; short, oblong to egg-shaped; prominently ridged and grooved. Buds reddish-brown; cylindrical, resinous; scales pressed close to twigs.
Flowers/fruit: Monoecious. Fruit a woody cone; 1" to 2" long; ovoid, with an uneven base; no spine on the tips of the scales; little or no stalk; gray-black when mature.
Bark: Scaly; gray-brown; not orange on upper trunk like Pinus sylvestris.
Wood: Unimportant; undesirable for timber due to its shrubby habit; used for firewood; little information available.
General: A shrubby tree native to mountains of central and southern Europe. Tough and tolerant of a variety of conditions, including cold, alkaline-soils, and some drought. Shade intolerant.
Landscape Use: A very common shrub planted throughout Utah, though some varieties can get quite large and almost tree-like. Usually used in mass plantings and rarely planted with enough room for its eventual size. If planting in a small area be sure to use true dwarf cultivars. Zones 2-8.
Cultivars: 'Amber Gold', 'Aurea', 'Gnom', 'Mops', var. mugo, 'Ophir', var. pumilo, 'Sherwood Compact', 'Slavinii', var. uncinata, 'Valley Cushion'.
- Pinaceae - Pine
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