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Tree Browser

With these characteristics: None

Poplar, Balsam

Populus balsamifera

Salicaceae - Willow

Description

Leaves: Alternate; simple; ovate to lanceolate; 3" to 6" long, 2" to 4" wide; deciduous; pointed tip; rounded base; finely serrate margin; dark green above, paler beneath; petiole round, slender, long.

Twigs/buds: Twigs yellowish to reddish-brown when young, turning dark orange to gray when older; round, thick.  Buds reddish-brown; large, pointed, round, fragrant, sticky; terminal buds 1" long; 5-scaled with hairless margins.

Flowers/fruit: Flowers dioecious; yellowish-green male catkins; occur in early spring.  Fruit is a hairless capsule; large (1/4" to 1/3" long), rounded, egg-shaped; parting into two when mature; arranged in catkins; seeds light brown, small.

Bark: Pinkish, pale green, or greenish-brown initially, becoming gray-black and deeply furrowed and ridged with time.

Wood: Important; light-colored, light-weight, diffuse-porous, even-textured; used to produce lumber, veneer, particle board, plywood, pallets, crates, boxes, and pulp; similar to P. trichocarpa.

General: Some sources show this as native to extreme northeast Utah (confused with black cottonwood?); at any rate uncommon.

Landscape Use: Not planted and no cultivars available.  Zones 2-5.

Comments & Limitations:  Weak wood and/or branch structure.  Prefers abundant water.

Characteristics

General

Family:
Salicaceae - Willow
Cultivar Availability:
No
Hardiness Zone:
2-5
Type:
Broadleaf
Utah Native:
Yes

Growth

Growth Rate:
High
Mature Height:
High
Longevity:
Medium
Is Good Under Power Lines:
No
Crown Shape:
Oval

Ornamental

Bark:
No
Fall Color:
No
Flowers:
No
Foliage:
No
Fruit:
No

Tolerence

Shade:
Low
Salt:
High
Drought:
Low
Poor Drainage:
Medium
Alkalinity:
High
Transplanting:
High