Skip to main content

Tree Browser

With these characteristics: None

Russian-olive

Elaeagnus angustifolia

Elaeagnaceae - Oleaster

Description

Leaves: Alternate; simple; oblong; 1-1/2" to 3" long; deciduous; entire margin; silvery; scaly; petiole short.

Twigs/buds: Twigs silvery; sometimes with spines.  Buds small, round, gray-brown, with 4 exposed, silvery scales.

Flowers/fruit: Flowers perfect; no petals; 3/8" long; whitish-yellow; fragrant; open in May.  Fruit a  drupe; silver-yellow; 1/4" to 1/2" in diameter; matures in August and September.

Bark: Gray-brown; shallow furrows with narrow plates between.

Wood: Unimportant; little information available; yellow to brown.

General: Native to Asia and southern Europe.  Has been planted extensively on the Great Plains and in the West and has become naturalized.  Shade intolerant.

Landscape Use: A medium-sized tree attractive for its foliage and interesting, irregular, spreading canopy form.  Has been strongly affected by a stem canker in the Midwest but not yet in Utah.  This tree is very aggressive and weedy and has been declared a noxious weed in Carbon, Duchesne, and Uintah Counties in Utah.  It has caused some serious environmental degradation and should not be planted.  Zones 2-7.

Cultivar: 'Red King'.

Characteristics

General

Family:
Elaeagnaceae - Oleaster
Cultivar Availability:
Yes
Hardiness Zone:
2-7
Type:
Broadleaf
Utah Native:
No

Growth

Growth Rate:
High
Mature Height:
Medium
Longevity:
Medium
Is Good Under Power Lines:
No
Crown Shape:
Rounded

Ornamental

Bark:
No
Fall Color:
No
Flowers:
No
Foliage:
Yes
Fruit:
Yes

Tolerence

Shade:
Low
Salt:
High
Drought:
High
Poor Drainage:
Low
Alkalinity:
High
Transplanting:
Medium