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Tree Browser

With these characteristics: None

Alder, Thinleaf or Mountain

Alnus tenuifolia

Betulaceae - Birch

Description

Leaves: Alternate; simple; ovate-oblong; 2" to 4" long; deciduous; sometimes slightly lobed; doubly serrate; thin; glabrous; dark green above, pale yellow-green beneath; petiole short. 

Twigs/buds: Twigs slender; with orange lenticels or bumps; buds stalked, bright red, 1/4" to 1/3" long.

Flowers/fruit: Monoecious.  Male flowers in long catkins that hang down; fruit is a small nutlet borne in small, 1/3" to 1/2" long, oval cones (strobili).

Bark: Thin; smooth; brownish-red.

Wood: Unimportant.  Alder wood in general is light and soft with conspicuous rays, white to pinkish color, and indistinct heartwood; used in furniture, veneer, and carvings; diffuse porous.

General: Shrubby tree native to much of the western U.S. and Canada, including moist canyon sites in Utah.  Nitrogen fixer.  Likes moist, cool sites along streams.  Somewhat shade tolerant when young, but becomes intolerant when older.  Welsh et al. consider this species to be Alnus incana or speckled alder.

Landscape Use: Seldom planted and no cultivars are available, but could be planted on appropriate, moist sites where native plants are desired.  Zones 1-7.

Comments & Limitations: Prefers abundant water, but may survive on drier sites.

Characteristics

General

Family:
Betulaceae - Birch
Cultivar Availability:
No
Hardiness Zone:
1-7
Type:
Broadleaf
Utah Native:
Yes

Growth

Growth Rate:
Medium
Mature Height:
Medium
Longevity:
Medium
Is Good Under Power Lines:
No
Crown Shape:
Oval

Ornamental

Bark:
No
Fall Color:
No
Flowers:
No
Foliage:
No
Fruit:
Yes

Tolerence

Shade:
Medium
Salt:
Low
Drought:
Medium
Poor Drainage:
High
Alkalinity:
High
Transplanting:
High