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Tree Browser

With these characteristics: None

Ash, European

Fraxinus excelsior

Oleaceae - Olive

Description

Leaves: Opposite; once pinnately compound; 10" to 12" long; 7 to 11 leaflets; deciduous; leaflets ovate to lanceolate, 2" to 4" long and half as wide, glabrous on both sides but with hair beneath along midrib, dark green on top and light below, margins serrate; rachis pubescent or glabrous; yellow to green fall color.

Twigs/buds: Twigs fairly stout; gray to gray-brown; glabrous when mature; round in cross-section.  Buds black, pubescent, covered with 4-6 scales.

Flowers/fruit: Flowers dioecious; small and inconspicuous, arranged in clusters; appear in spring.  Fruit a samara; 1" to 1-1/2" long; 1/4" wide; paddle-shaped in dense clusters.

Bark: Tightly ridged, somewhat similar to green ash.

Wood: No information available; presumably similar to green ash.

General: Native throughout much of Europe and in Asia Minor.  Does well on high pH soils.  Intermediate shade tolerance. May be insect and/or disease prone, especially when stressed.  Rarely should be planted, though limited use in specific situations may be justified.

Landscape Use: This medium to large tree is occasionally planted in Utah, but does not do as well as green or white ash.  It seems especially susceptible to borers, and is not as cold hardy as many of its relatives.  Zones 5-8.

In the last few years an exotic pest, emerald ash borer (EAB), has been making its way across the U.S. So far it has decimated populations of ornamental and native ashes and recently was found to attack fringetree (Chionanthus spp.) as well. So far EAB has not made it to Utah, but it seems likely that it will. So, plant ashes and fringetrees with caution since they may not be around for long. Some have hope that trunk injection of insecticides may work to control the pest.

Cultivars: 'Aurea', 'Aurea Pendula', 'Globosa', 'Gold Cloud', Golden Desert™, 'Hessei', 'Jaspidea', 'Kimberly', 'Pendula', 'Rancho'. 

 

Characteristics

General

Family:
Oleaceae - Olive
Cultivar Availability:
Yes
Hardiness Zone:
5-8
Type:
Broadleaf
Utah Native:
No

Growth

Growth Rate:
Medium
Mature Height:
High
Longevity:
Medium
Is Good Under Power Lines:
No
Crown Shape:
Rounded

Ornamental

Bark:
No
Fall Color:
No
Flowers:
No
Foliage:
No
Fruit:
No

Tolerence

Shade:
Medium
Salt:
High
Drought:
Medium
Poor Drainage:
Medium
Alkalinity:
High
Transplanting:
Medium